While the market certainly fluctuates, it doesn’t have to be a nerve-wracking experience.
Basics of the market
Created in 1792 on Wall Street, the first major U.S. stock exchange was the New York Stock & Exchange Board (now known as the New York Stock Exchange). A stock market is a system where shares of publicly traded companies are issued – and millions of different investors, or shareholders, buy and sell them. The money raised can help grow these businesses. And investors/shareholders can participate in it. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regulates and oversees the U.S. stock markets.1
For some, following the stock market can seem daunting — but it doesn’t need to be.
Here are five tips on how to gain perspective, keep your cool, and make investing decisions based on good information — not out of fear or worry.
Invest for the long-term
Saving for retirement is a journey, not a sprint. Don’t change your investments simply because of day-to-day volatility. Set a strategy and stick with it.
A volatile market can push the most experienced investors into making emotional decisions. However, having a diversified portfolio can help instill confidence in your long-term plan. So don’t abandon it during big market swings.2
Panic can even set in during a bull market. But patience should trump panic. It’s likely you’ll get a good return on your investments if you consistently put money into the right shares over a long period of time.3
Why? Historically, equity markets have trended upward over the long term. However, past performance is not a guarantee of future results. Investing involves risk, so working with a professional who can help you invest according to your specific situation and risk tolerance is smart.4 It helps to keep in mind that buying a stock (or a share of a company) is like owning a tangible asset.
Diversify your investment portfolio
Make selections based on an asset allocation appropriate for your own risk tolerance, goals, objectives, and time horizon.
Keep in mind that the goal is to grow your money – even if it’s slower than you’d like. Stay within your budget and don’t get greedy and gamble by taking big risks.
Do not try to time the market
Investors who jump in and out of the market often miss the greatest growth opportunities when the market rebounds.5
The stock market is hard to predict — so don’t even try. Financial professionals often warn investors of trying to time the market.
Rebalance your assets on a regular basis
Over time your percentages in stock, fixed income, and money market investments will drift – based on which investment the market is currently favoring.
Because the world is so connected, an event happening in one area of the world can greatly impact financial markets in another part of the world.
So it’s important that you or a financial professional keep tabs on your portfolio and make needed adjustments in order to keep your portfolio in line with your stated objectives.
Be patient. Your retirement is a long-term investment
Getting overly emotional or upset in times of market volatility can make you stress and thus hurt your health and your portfolio. Don’t invest in a way that is outside of your risk tolerance if you’re going to make unwise decisions because of it.
Don’t worry about short-term fluctuations in your account balance. Stay the course. Calculate your retirement income goal and contribute as much as possible so you can make every moment count.